Adyar Gopal Parivar
May Day, The Labour Day
MAY DAY, THE LABOUR DAY
By Mohan Shenoy
May 1st, every year is celebrated as the
Labour Day.
May 1st every year was a day for
celebrations since many centuries. A
pole stuck in the ground and decorated
with ribbons and flags was the center of
dances and get-togethers in Germany
and other nations of Europe. This pole
became popular as the Maypole. It is
similar to the Gudi pole worshiped by
Maharashtrians on Gudi Padva festival
in India. In 1889 the International
Workers' Congress decided to declare
May 1st as the Workers' Day for
celebrations.
May 1st became a public holiday in all
Communist and Socialist countries after
that. In India May Day has been
declared as a National Holiday since
Independence. Jawaharlal Nehru, the
first prime minister of India was a
socialist by nature. Therefore many
policies of the Indian government
showed socialist colours.
Since 1991 when P.V.Narasimha Rao
was the prime minister, India has shed
some of these socialist colours and at
present the policies of UPA government
are waxing and waning between the
public and private enterprise policies.
In Czar's Russia in the early years of
nineteenth century, farmers and mill
workers got united and formed Unions
or Associations with Marxist theory as
their principle.
Karl Marx who lived in England wrote a
book in which he concluded that the
poor people who worked for their living
and produced consumables necessary
for the happiness and welfare of other
sections of society were actually paid
very little which was he termed as an
injustice.
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By Mohan Shenoy
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governance for this sad affair. He
wanted the farmers and the labour class
to get united and raise their voice
against this atrocity. He instigated the
labour class to take up arms and remove
this system of governance by force and
establish a new form of government with
the workers and farmers as the officials.
World War I ended by about 1916 and
by then Russia was suffering the effects
of the war. There was shortage of food
and clothing and wages were
inadequate. Labour leaders like Trotsky
and Lenin led the unorganised army of
workers to attack Czar's palace and
administrative offices in 1917 and topple
Czar's regime. The workers party was
called the Communist party. The
members of the Communist party were
known as the
Communists.                       
Simply the communist theory was that all
land, buildings, factories, farms and
every other possessions in the country
should be considered to be owned not
by any individual but the entire state. No
man or woman could say that a certain
portion of land is his own. The land
belongs to the Nation and the produce
of the land should be equally distributed
among the people who work on it. On
March 15th 1917, the Czar was removed
and a peoples' government was
established in Moscow. This was a
revolution marking the history of the
world. This revolution is known as the
Bolshevik revolution.
Bolshevik government negotiated peace
with Germany where there was already
a peoples' regime under Kaiser William II.
Let us celebrate the May Day festival
with gaiety.

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