Adyar Gopal Parivar
The Fall of Roman Empire
By Mohan Shenoy
                  This is about the fall of the Roman
               One L. C. Sulla became the dictator
of the Roman Republic in the year 81 before
Christian Era (CE), or 81 B.C., having been
appointed as such and given total power to
him as a single individual unlike in the past.
              In the past, in Rome, no single
individual had such total power to rule the
Roman Republic. Julius Caesar became the
second such dictator with total power. Caesar
was assassinated in the year 44 B.C. When
Augustus succeeded Caesar, he assumed
the powers of the Senate of Roman Republic
and became de facto Emperor. The Roman
Republic became an Empire. The history of
Roman Empire is a big chapter in the History
of the World.
             Around the same time, one Jesus
was born to Mary, a Jewish lady in Nazareth
village. Jesus grew up in Nazareth and
traveled far and wide preaching his version of
God and religion. He thus offended the
people practicing the prevailing religion of
Judaism and of Solism (Sol is Sun God).
Although he did not speak ill about Judaism,
or of Solism, he was accused of some kind of
blasphemy for which he was executed by
crucifixion in nearby Jerusalem at a young
age. Jesus was accused of sedition by the
jury trying him for his alleged crimes. Jesus
was sentenced to die by crucifixion by the
then Prefect and Procurator of Judea
Province of Roman Empire. Jesus thus died,
his apostles claimed, for the sins of the
masses. Jesus became Jesus Christ. His
religion became Christian religion or
            Sacrifice of Jesus' life on the cross
became a major event that fuelled
proselytization of the subjects of the kingdom
into Jesus' religion.  The Roman Emperor
Tiberius (Tiberius was the emperor at the
time Jesus was crucified), and officials in the
Roman Empire were mostly non-Jew but as
Christianity became widely accepted, lots and
lots of Jewish people became Jewish
Christians and non-Jews became Christians.
The Roman emperors and officials as well as
a large percentage of the population,
however, refused to change their own Sol
religion.  About 320 years later, the emperor
Constantine I, converted himself into
Christianity in the 4th Century AD. But later
on, the head of Christianity, the Pope,
became more powerful and began to dictate
terms to the kings and queens of different
nations, including Rome. The Roman Empire
had turned Christian.                        
          There appeared a new religion, Islam,
on the religions' horizon in the 7th Century
AD. Conflicts arose between Christianity and
Islam. Mohammedan kingdoms rose among
the Christian lands. There were wars
between the Christian kingdoms and
Mohammedan kingdoms. In 1435, the
Ottoman Turks waged war on Constantinople
(the present Istanbul in Turkey), and defeated
the Roman Emperor of the time. This ended
the Roman Empire.
Adyar Gopal and Radha Bai
The Fall of Roman Empire
By Mohan Shenoy
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religion has spread far and wide and gained
in importance with the wealth it holds in the
Islamic countries. Islamic countries are very
rich in resources.                                 
        According to the website the approximate
religion-wise breakdown of the population of
the world is 14% Hindus, 21%
Mohammedans, 33% Christians, and 6%
each of Buddhists, Chinese Traditionals, and
Primal Indigenous. There are 0.22% Jews
and 8% non-religious theists. Approximately
8% of the population claims that there is no
God or that they are atheists.
        It is remarkable that Judaism survives in
spite of the trials and tribulations it underwent
throughout the many centuries since Christ.
In fact Judaism has thrived after the WW II.
However Christianity is not an enemy of
Judaism, and Christians around the world
now live in peace with the Jews and do not
persecute Jews since WW II.
        Hinduism will survive only if the people
of India and the Indian rulers let them. There
is a lot of similarity between the religion
followed by the Roman Republic and Roman
Emperors before Constantine I, and
Hinduism. Hinduism is the oldest religion in
the world along with Judaism. Hinduism also
survives because of its intrinsic power it has
over its adherents.
        Religion is becoming less and less
important in this modern world of science and
technology. Hinduism has to adapt itself to
science and technology and provide real
spiritual solace to its adherents. But the
future holds unknown course for the various
religions of the world. The Roman religion of
Sol God has virtually and practically died.
       The fact that the promise and provision
of reservations in jobs and educational
institutions in India requires one to label
himself as belonging to this or that religion or
to one or other caste, and this fact enables
the division of our society into various
groups. Democracy runs on majority opinion.
The legislature is voted by the majority
voters. Numbers are important in democracy.
Vote bank politics has degenerated into
politicians favouring one religion at the cost
of another religion.
      The Indian Constitution gives Indians
religious freedom. Secular does not mean
opposing religions. Indian Hindu Empire fell in
1192 AD when Prithviraj Chauhan was
defeated at Turain by Mohammed Ghori.
Hinduism has survived since then on its own
grit and fortitude. Let us not weaken it with
wrong application of our vote power.

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